The principles of design
The right design does not require surprisingly expensive items. But he needs the right advice. So let's see the basic principles of Interior design and let's be inspired by it! Whether you are working with your old furniture and fabrics or you are starting from scratch, having a completely empty room at your disposal, you should always remember that the main guide in your choices should be the elements and principles of Interior Design to have sure the right result.
The elements of Interior Design are the space, the lines, the forms, the colors and the textures.
The principles of design concern the correct simple use of these elements and are the following: balance, emphasis, rhythm, proportion and scale, harmony and unity.
Principle # 1: Balance
The visual balance of objects in a room is called balance. Gives a sense of rest and a sense of accomplishment. A well-balanced room pays special attention to the placement of objects according to their visual weight. The elements of line, shape, color and texture determine the visual weight of an object, which is essentially the amount of space that this object seems to occupy. Balance also refers to how and where you place the elements (line, form, color, texture) in a room. To maintain balance, try to distribute this information throughout the room.
Formal balance is what is often referred to as symmetrical balance and creates a mirror image effect.
Informal balance is one that uses different objects of the same visual weight to create balance in space. It is more subtle and spontaneous and gives a warmer and more casual feeling.
Principle # 2: Emphasis
The emphasis is on the central point of the room. The focus should be obvious as you enter the room. It is the area / point that attracts your eye. Whatever this point (center of interest) is, a fireplace, a work of art or a beautiful view from your window - it should be sufficiently accentuated so that everything else leads the eye to this point. You can emphasize a natural focus or create your own, through the effective use of line, shape, color and texture.
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Rhythm Rhythm provides us with the discipline that controls the eye as it moves around the room. Rhythm helps the eye to move easily from one object to another creating a harmony which tells the eye that the whole room belongs to a single whole. Rhythm is created by repeating the line, shape (form), color or texture. It can also be created through progressive rhythm. The progressive rhythm is the gradual increase or decrease of size, direction or color.
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Rates and Scale The size ratios in a room are defined by proportion and scale. The analogy refers to how the elements contained in an object relate to the object as a whole. Scale refers to how the size of an object relates to the size of the space in which it is located.
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Harmony and Unity A well-designed room is a single whole that includes all the elements and principles of Design. Unity ensures a sense of order. There is a consequence of sizes and shapes, a harmony of color and shape. The ultimate goal of decoration is to create a room with unity and harmony and a sense of rhythm. We can achieve this by repeating the elements, balancing them in the room, and then adding a little variety so that the room has its own personality. Too much unity can be boring. Too much variety can cause anxiety. The marriage of elements and principles to get the right mix is your key to good Design.